What is Sex and Gender

 

Gender is a fluid concept that can change over time and is influenced by social and cultural norms, as well as one’s environment and history. Gender refers to the constructed roles, behaviours, and identities of men, women, and gender-diverse people. Gender impacts the commonly accepted ways of being, individual’s behavior, and how one may perceive themselves.

It is critical that researchers take into consideration sex and gender when designing their research as these two concepts strongly impact an individual’s life. Often scientists neglect considerations of sex and gender in their research, inadequately incorporate these concepts into research designs or misuse terminology. For example:

Clinical trials looking at biological differences will conflate sex terms (i.e. men and women) with gender terms (i.e. males and females)
The Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR), has signed onto the Federal Government’s Health Portfolio’s Sex and Gender-Based Analysis Policy. This funding body has implemented a requirement that all grant applicants integrate sex and gender into their study designs.

It is critical that researchers take into consideration sex and gender when designing their research as these two concepts strongly impact an individual’s life. Often scientists neglect considerations of sex and gender in their research, inadequately incorporate these concepts into research designs or misuse terminology. For example:

Clinical trials looking at biological differences will conflate sex terms (i.e. men and women) with gender terms (i.e. males and females)
The Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR), has signed onto the Federal Government’s Health Portfolio’s Sex and Gender-Based Analysis Policy. This funding body has implemented a requirement that all grant applicants integrate sex and gender into their study designs.


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